Architecture and Heat Transfer

In business, most entrepreneurs who make customized or personalized t-shirts, tote bags, and others, use the heat transfer method by utilizing a heat press machine. A Heat press is a tool that is engineered to transfer a print, design, or any graphic on a substrate. This device makes use of pressure and heat to yield the imprint. To transfer a print, heat is used on materials that have a heat-sensitive paste on one surface. When heat and pressure are employed, the material sticks to the substrate leaving an imprint. Read this review article.

In the world of architectural planning and design, the primary goal of constructing a building or an edifice is to provide and preserve a comfortable lodging with a pleasant room temperature. Other than that, its purpose is also to provide fortification from unbearable weather conditions, security, and privacy.

Insulation in buildings holds up the heat flow from one area to another and retains temperatures so that condensation, the change of gas or water vapor to liquid form, does not take place on interiors façades of the building. In the coldest season, insulation deters heat flow from the inside of the structure to the outside as well as to keep it warm enough without condensation happening in the interior. On the other hand, during hot days, the insulation hinders outside heat flow to enter the interior of the building. To better regulate moisture and temperature, insulations must be placed and fitted in the ceilings and walls of confined kinds of edifices.

In a thermal point of view, the human anatomy functions as a chemical reactor that transforms chemical energy taken from sustenance and oxygen into mechanical energy for work and heat. Therefore, to have that comfortable feeling, human beings must be able to release a distinct expanse of heat otherwise an individual may feel hot or cold.

Sustaining a body temperature means that heat from a person occupying a space must be released to the interior dwelling place.  The temperature of a room should be higher or warmer garments must be worn if excessive heat is lost. The transmission of heat on a person’s skin, the temperature indoors, and the transfer of heat through a structure are elements that impact thermal comfort [Mayer (1991)].